How do I apportion landing costs on orders?

MoneyWorks Frequently Asked Questions (read only)
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grant
Posts: 318
Joined: 02 Jun 2004 17:42

How do I apportion landing costs on orders?

Post by grant » 27 Aug 2007 15:55

Landing costs are the costs incurred in transporting an item from the place of purchase to your premises. These might include freight, insurance, duties and more.

Landing costs should be included in the value of the stock; e.g. you might pay $100 to your supplier for an item, but it also costs a further $50 in freight. In this case the inventoried value of your item should be $150, not the $100 purchase price.

Once you have determined your landing costs for an order, it is relatively simple to spread them over your initial purchase order or supplier invoice. To do this we basically increase the total of each line item of the invoice by its freight component, and we add a single offsetting line to invoice that encompasses the landing cost.

For this to work, we need to create a new "product" to enter the landing costs -- in this example we will use "LANDED". We will buy and sell this product (but will not stock it) -- it will be associated with the landed costs expense account in your chart of accounts.

Now lets say we have a purchase order with the following 2 items in it:

Code: Select all

Qty     Code    Unit Pr   Disc %          Extension
100     AA         10          0            1000
 50     BB         15          0             750


The total of the order is $1,750 (plus tax if applicable).

Say that the landing costs (freight, duty etc) come to $200 -- in practice these won't normally be known until the goods have arrived. Now $200 is 11.43% of the actual cost of the goods (200/1750 x 100), so we need to increase the value of each item by 11.43% when it comes into stock.

To do this we simply apply a NEGATIVE DISCOUNT of 11.43% to each line of the order, then add a new line to subtract the total landing cost so that the value of the order remains the same.

The new line is entered with a quantity of -1, and with the unit price set to that of the total landing cost (with no discount). Thus we would have:

Code: Select all

Qty     Code      Unit Pr          Disc %          Extension
100     AA             10.00       -11.43            1114.30
 50     BB             15.00       -11.43             835.72
 -1     LANDING       200.02         0.00            -200.02


Note that because of accumulated rounding error using the discount, we might have to adjust the value of the LANDING up or down a few cents (in this case to 200.02) to ensure the value of the order stays at the original order value. So in this example the order still has a value of $1750.

When this order is processed (and the resultant invoice posted), the buy price of the stock items will be set to the Unit Price (so that AA will have a buy price of $10), but each item will go into inventory at a value of 11.43% higher than the buy price (i.e. each of the new AA items will have a stock value of 11.143, which neatly incorporates the landing cost).

The actual invoice(s) from the shipping/custom agents for the freight, duty etc, get entered separately into MoneyWorks. In this case we would have coded the invoice to 1 x LANDING @ $200; this clears out the landed cost general ledger account, apart from any minor rounding errors.

NOTE: If your supplier is represented in MoneyWorks in one currency, and the landed costs in another, you need to convert the landed costs entered into the Purchase Order/Invoice into the currency of the Purchase Order/Invoice.

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